Wednesday, August 20, 2014

Beyond Deepwater to Charleston



From the end of the Virginian Railway at Deepwater, to the end of Passenger Service at Charleston, by menas of the Chesapeake & Ohio and the New York Central railways


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Deepwater Area - Milepost 434

Sponsored by Gerry Albers

West Deepwater -August Thieme Picture, AWiley Collection

The VGN Heritage Trail Historical Marker for Deepwater is located at the Church of Living Water, formerly Deepwater United Methodist Church. The church is on the south side of route 61, Deepwater, and on the east side of the VGN’s connecting track to the C&O. The attractive church sits on the side of hill, fronting 61 with the VGN on a side.



Ghislain Gerard Picture

There are four significant locations in this area:

· C&O Deepwater - Down the VGN trackage which passes beside the church, toward the river, is the site of VGN’s connection with the Chesapeake & Ohio railroad and yard. When built, this trackage was the mainline until the line connecting with New York Central on the north side of the Kanawha River was completed in 1931. Today, it is an active NS/CSX connection and yard.
Scott Greathouse Collection

· VACO Jct - Going the opposite direction up the railroad from the church is VACO Junction, created in 1931 when the NYC connection was completed.

· Deepwater Tunnel - Just a very short walk along 61 to the west is Virginian’s bridge over route 61, above which VGN’s shanty shelter for West Deepwater stood. From the site of West Deepwater looking railroad east, the 491.5 foot long Deepwater Tunnel can be seen.
Doug Bess Picture

· DB Tower - Looking railroad west is the Virginian’s bridge over the Kanawha River, 1920.5 feet in length with VGN’s milepost 435 on the far, north side of the river. DB Tower stood within one hundred yards of the end of the Kanawha River bridge and was VGN’s connection with the New York Central railroad. It can be reached from Deepwater by traveling west on route 61 to route 6, turn right to cross the river on the highway bridge over and right onto route 60 east.
 

This view is from the NYC end of the Kanawah River Bridge. The NYC is behind the photographer and the C&O runs along the far side of the Kanawha River.


Trains leaving the Kanawha River Bridge see this view. DB Tower was just beyond the trees on the left side.




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Charleston, West Virginia

 


From the very early years of Virginian’s passenger train service in 1909 to January 24, 1952, the western terminus for passenger trains was in Charleston, West Virginia, a distance of 466 miles. From October 10, 1909 to 1931, Virginia’s trains called on Charleston using the Chesapeake & Ohio railroad station.   Situated on McCorkle Ave. SE (route 61) and beside South Side Bridge, the C&O station pictured above was built in 1905. 






Ross Hunter Collection
 
After 1931, when the VGN Kanawha River bridge was completed, VGN’s passenger service to Charleston was to the New York Central station. The NYC was at the end of Brooks Street and in the 1200 block of Smith Street in downtown Charleston. Baltimore & Ohio Railroad’s passenger trains also called on the NYC station. In the 1908 postcard view above, the view is looking east and Interstate 64 would be built to the left of the railroad.

Ross Hunter Collection

The NYC station whose build date is unknown, had a very interesting history itself. The Ohio Central had built eastward along the north bank of the Kanawha River to reach Charleston in the 1800’s but it went into receivership in 1883 and was sold to the Kanawha & Ohio in 1885. In 1889 the K&O went into receivership and was rechartered as the Kanawha& Michigan. The K&M then extended east of Charleston to Gauley Bridge by buying the Charleston & Gauley Bridge Railroad. The K&M was an independent operation, but was controlled by the Toledo & Ohio, later the Hocking Valley. The C&O acquired a controlling interest in the Hocking Valley , however in 1914 the US District Court forced the C&O to sell the K&M under terms of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. Control passed back to the Toledo & Ohio Central which was leased by New York Central in 1922. Thanks to Ross Hunter for the NYC station details.

Monday, July 30, 2012

Acknowledgements

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The name, Virginian railway Heritage Trail, is a registered trademark and may not be used for profit.  The logos and signs of the Virgiian Railway Heritage Trail was copyrighted - Aubrey Wiley 2012.
~ ~ ~ ~ ~
 
The success of this endeavor to share knowledge of the Virginian Railway and thereby making it easier for fans to visit sites along the railroad is due to the willingness of many people to go out on a limb and try something new. Add a touch of trust to the enthusiasm and throw in much time and hard work.

The first person I will recognize for supporting this project is my wife and best friend, Charlotte Wiley. Friends, both old and new, include: Gerry Albers, Tommy Arthur, Doug Bess, Rev. Randy Black, Frank Bongiovanni, M. Kent Brinkley, G. H. Brown,  Jim Brown, Harry Bundy, Ed Burnett, Jeb Burnett , Bobby Davis, Charles Edwards, Greg Elam, Patty Eller, Billy Ellett, Bev Fitzpatrick, Watt Foster, Kenneth Fox, Jeff Hawkins, Chislain Hunter, Scott Greathouse,  Jimmy Harden,  Mitchell Haugh, Paul Higgs, Ross Hunter, William H. Johnson,III, Colin Kellam, James A. Kincaid, Ben Kitchen, Carol Lawless, Charlie Long, Les Marsh, Tom Marshall, Roger Martin, Ken Miller, Ken Patterson, Samuel Phillips, Heather Reynolds, Robert Robinson, Ed Ross, J. Howard Spencer, Steve Summers, Charlie Towne,  Simon van de Laak, Jerry Waters, Delbert Whitlow and John Zuro.  The Virginian Railway Heritage Trail historical marker signs were made by Signs By Tomorrow - Lynchburg, Va.

The expenses of the Heritage Trail Historical Markers were borne by the following supportive  companies, organizations and individuals:  Sebrell - Kent Brinkley in memory of Staley Butler Brinkley, Sr., Terminal Trainmaster & General Yardmaster of Roanoke yard; Suffolk – Suffolk Seaboard Station Museum; Victoria – Town of Victoria; Phenix - Charlotte & Aubrey Wiley; Brookneal - Ed Burnett; Altavista -  Town of Altavista;  Virginia Museum of Transportation – VMT; Merrimac – Montgomery County; Narrows - Town of Narrows; Glen Lyn – Town of Glen Lyn; Princeton – Princeton Railroad Museum; Mullens – Tom Marshall;  Slab Fork – William H. Johnson III in memory of five VGN relatives; Deepwater - Gerry Albers and assistance from Colin Kellam and Roger Martin. Thank you for your support!  –  Aubrey Wiley

The Virginian Railway Heritage Trail blog cover picture shows an eastbound train approaching the 460 highway overpass at Pearisburg, Virginia. Celco is just out of sight around the curve. The locomotive is number 128, a class EL-2b electric, and the date was July 20, 1955. The picture is from the collection of John Zuro. Unless otherwise noted, other pictures were either taken by Aubrey Wiley or from his collection.  All pictures are copyrighted.

Visit the web site made by the VIRGINIA TOURISM CORPORATION which recognizes the Virginian Railway Heriatge Trail and  recommends it to visitors to the state. http://www.virginia.org/Listings/HistoricSites/VirginianRailwayHeritageTrail/

The VIRGINIAN RAILWAY : A Wide View

 
 


 Sites along the Virginian Railway Heritage Trail

email:     VGNHeritageTrail@aol.com

 Follow the progress on facebook (and join) of erecting the trail's historical marker signs:

Introduction to the VIRGINIAN RAILWAY HERTAGE TRAIL

Copyrighted Aubrey Wiley 2012       
Official Virginian Railway Heritage Trail historical marker sign

Although every effort has been made to obtain permission for placement of Virginian Railway Heritage Trail historical marker signs, it just was not possible in every case and those locations are so noted below.  However in all instances, directions are provided.  Remember to be respectful of private and public property and that you are guests at all locations.

Do not copy the pictures in this blog without permission.  All pictures are copyrighted by the individual contributors. Contact the blog owner with your request. VGNHeritageTrail@aol.com
 

* * * * *    Last updated March 14, 2013   * * * * *


Milepost 0 to 120 - Norfolk to Victoria

This blog is under construction. Please keep checking as progress is being made daily.

 

 

Norfolk, Va. - Mileposts 0 and A-8

 
Virginian's milepost zero in Norfolk was beside the Freight House, which was very  near Norfolk Terminal Passenger Station. That area is a parking lot for a stadium as the 21st century begins.  Virginian passenger and local freight trains operated from this area for 2.3 miles to a junction with the mainline at Tidewater.  At Tidewater, mainline freights continued east on the mainline to Virginian’s yard and coal piers at Sewalls Point, eight miles away.  The Sewalls Point property is now owned by the U. S. Navy. 

In the picture below the Norfolk Terminal Station (bottom center)is shown. In the upper left is VGN's Freight House and the site of VGN's milepost One.

 
In this picture the Sewalls Point coal piers are shown. 
 


Harry Bundy Collection
In the Norfolk area, surviving well into the 21st century are two interlocking towers of the Virginian Railway; Carolina, milepost 4.5 and South Norfolk, milepost 5.2.  In 1946, Virginian replaced 4 two story wood interlocking towers with a more modern looking, split level, masonry design tower. They were located at: Coleman  Place, milepost A1.4; Tidewater, milepost 2; Carolina, milepost 4.5; and South Norfolk, milepost 5.2.   In the vintage picture we see passenger train Three at Tidewater Tower,  which does not survive today.  Nonetheless, it illustrates the look of the 1946 era Norfolk area towers.

Rail historian Harry Bundy describes that in his picture, number Four has completed its passenger run to Norfolk Terminal Station and has backed away from NTS on NTS and Norfolk Southern trackage to Tidewater where it  returned to VGN trackage. In this picture, it is now running forward to Sewalls Point where it will be serviced and prepared to leave the next morning with train number Three.
 
 In the contemporary pictures below, Carolina Tower is shown with connecting tracks arching away from the former VGN mainline and South Norfolk (right) stands with its windows boarded up.


Carolina Tower may be reached by driving to the 1100 block of Oldwood Ave, Chesapeake, Va. 
 

South Norfolk could be seen from the 1600 block of Seaboard Ave., Chesapeake, Va.  A former NS operator who worked the joint NS/VGN modern towers recalls that VGN operators at South Norfolk parked their vehicles on Seaboard Ave. and walked across the VGN tracks to reach the tower.  * About November 8, 2012  Norfolk Southern RR demolished South Norfolk Tower.
 
 
 
Coleman Place Tower, milepost A 1.4, was 6.6 miles from Sewalls Point and the point at which Virginian interchanged with the Pennsylvania Railroad. The modern style tower still stands and can be reached from the dead end of the 3100 block of Cape Henry Rd, Norfolk, Va., 23509. Cape Henry Rd can be reached by turning west from Princess Anne Rd (Rt 166), onto Ballentine Blvd. and then north onto Cape Henry Rd.  Coleman Place Tower sits beside the very active NS mainline which is patrolled by NS police. Do not leave the end of the public street!   .
 
 

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Suffolk, Va. - Milepost 23.5

 
 Sponsored by Suffolk Seaboard Station Museum
 
 

In the 1953 picture above, we see SAL tracks on the south side of the station while VGN's tracks were on the north side of the station. 

 
Suffolk was an extremely interesting location on the Virginian, connecting with five  different railroads; Atlantic Coast Line, Atlantic & Danville, Norfolk & Western, Norfolk Southern and Seaboard Air Line.  Seaboard’s Portsmouth branch was already in place when the Virginian’s right of way was being surveyed and when completed, for more than ten miles the two lines were parallel. Seaboard had an attractive brick station in Suffolk and Virginian, built right beside the SAL passenger station and shared the structure.  After World War II, Virginian purchased two and a quarter miles of Norfolk Southern’s branch from the peanut factory valley to the pier on the Nansemond River and a connection with the Virginian,  just a hundred yards east of the Suffolk station.  Virginian’s freight station stood on the opposite side of the track from the SAL/VGN passenger station and a hundred yards to the west. In the 1953 picture above, we see SAL tracks on the south side of the station while VGN's tracks were on the north side of the station.
 
   
H. Reid Picture A.Wiley Collection
 
    

Near the end of VGN's 2-1/4 miles long branch into the peanut factory district, 0-8-0 switcher number 4 positions box cars. In the 21st century, many of old buildings still stand.

 
H. Reid Picture

Ed Burnett Picture

 
Jeb Burnett Picture
 
 In the 21st century, the Seaboard Railroad Station Museum is beautifully restored and provides a thorough look back into the area's railroad history through its collection of artifacts and HO model railroad. It is located at 326 N. Main Street Suffolk, Va, 23434 -  phone (757) 923-4750. It is open Wednesday through Friday, 11:00 am to 4:00 pm; Saturday, 10:00 am to 3:00 pm; Sunday 1:00 pm to 4:00 pm.
 

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Sebrell, Va - Milepost 54.3

Sponsored by Kent Brinkley
 
G.H. Brown Collection












Built prior to the earliest existing 1916 company records, the Virginian Railway station at Sebrell, Va., is a variation of a standard company design  and is 24 by 60 feet.

In the vintage picture, passenger train number 4 is shown making its stop in the summer of 1953 and the time would be 2:15 pm, if the train was on time.  The scene abounds with small details, such as the Robertson High Speed Train Order device shown opposite the door of the RPO section of the first car. The typical consist of the train was a head end car with sections for baggage and the Railway Post Office and two heavy weight passenger coaches.  
 

 
 
 
  
 
Sebrell Station was purchased from N&W, after the VGN-N&W merger, by the Kitchen family fifty years ago and moved about a mile north from the railroad to the family farm.  Situated on private property, it can be seen by traveling north on route 35 from Courtland, Va., to 16317 Plant Road. Before reaching the farm and the station, route 35 crosses the old VGN right of way.  The station stood just east of what appears to have been the business district and on the south side of the tracks. The farm is on the right as  is the VGN Heritage Trail sign to indicate the lane leading to the station.  Remember, it is on provate property. Mr. Ben Kitchen is the owner.
 
 

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Victoria, Virginia - Milepost 119.7

Sponsored by the Town of Victoria
 

 
 
Henry H. Rogers, Virginian’s founder, was a personal acquaintance and admirer of England’s Queen Victoria.  As the route for his railroad was being surveyed, he saw to it that the first major town to be created along its route would carry her name, Victoria, Virginia. Victoria grew to become a major railroad yard, locomotive and freight car servicing and repair facility.  At its zenith 400 people were employed there, the yard was ten tracks wide and there was a thirteen stall roundhouse with complete locomotive and car support structures. The Norfolk Division offices were in a two story structure which was also the passenger station.
 
Greg Elam & Kurt Reisweber Collections
In the 21st century, the leaders of the town of Victoria have created an amazing park of 21 acres from the land of the former yard. In the collection of restored Virginian equipment are: C-10a caboose 342, G-5a coal gondola  22019, a GRS VGN searchlight signal, the Nutbush,  Va.  passenger shelter, a VGN company phone box, a steam locomotive bell, a company motor car shed – tool house and  a collection of VGN  mileposts and whistle posts.  In the park are two pavilions, play lots,   volleyball courts and paved walking trails leading around the footprints of the roundhouse and turntable.  The park is on Firehouse Road, between 3rd and 7th Sts. Firehouse Road is parallel with Main Street which intersects with routes 40 and 49.
  
                                                      

 

                               
 
                                              
                              
 
                                            
                               


Milepost 120 to 243 - Victoria to Roanoke

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Phenix Bridge - Milepost 158

Sponsored by Charlotte & Aubrey Wiley
 
Just after midnight, December 2, 1957, Virginian’s eastbound time freight number   72 derailed off Cub Creek Bridge in Charlotte County, Virginia, just west of Phenix. Thirty eight cars of the fifty one car train sailed off the south side of the bridge.  Miraculously, five freight cars and the caboose came to a stop just short of falling from the bridge.  The repaired bridge was back in operation in just under thirteen days. Several of the bridge legs were destroyed as part of the bridge itself fell to stream below.
 
 
Greg Elam Picture


 
The wreck site can be seen from the south sie of route 40, one mile west of downtown Phenix. There is space to park off the roadway. It is on private property but the owner allows respectful visitors who are studying the Virginian Railway Heritage Trail.
 

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Brookneal, Va. - Milepost 170.3

Sponsored by Ed Burnett
Herman Ginther Picture, A. Wiley Collection
 In its prime, Brookneal had a station on the south side of the railroad and a freight house stood beside a house track on the opposite side with a passing siding between. The railroad structures were always painted in the early color scheme of orange with white trim.  The west end of the surviving freight house is shown behind the flat car loaded with farm tractors.
 
Aubrey Wiley Picture
The station was razed circa 1958, replaced by a small, gray agent-operator’s shanty, 12 by 24 feet.  
 
Aubrey Wiley Collection
 
In this 1950 picture, train number 3 passes the freight house as it approaches the Brookneal station. Notice the small dark object on the ground in bottom center. It is the flap cover for the withdrawn Robertson High Speed Train Order device, which is extended in the top picture.


Aubrey Wiley Picture
The freight house was purchased by Foster Fuels from N&W after the merger and has been well cared for ever since. Today the VGN Freight House is painted “Barn Red” and is on Old Main Street, of 501 south of downtown, but north of the Staunton River Bridge. The VGN Freight House is privately owned but visitors are allowed.  The structure stands beside the old Virginian and today it is a very active NS line. Do not trespass near or on the railroad tracks!  
 
 

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Altavista, Va. Staunton River Bridge - Milepost 200

Sponsored by the Town of Altavista
 
The town of Altavista, Virginia and the Virginian station are at milepost 199.2. When H.H.Rogers' Tidewater Railroad was bieng constructed a major contractor was an Altavista company run by the English family. In addition to the projected business growth that was projected, there would be a connection and interchange with the Southern Railroad's north-south mainline. In April 1909 after  the Rogers' celebration and inspection train reached Altavista, a grand dinner was held. Rogers enjoyed himself so much that he delayed the departure of his train until the following day.  That delighted the Altavista hosts but in Roanoke, the city's leaders had planned a grand celebration in N&W's Hotel Roanoke!   Hurt feelings were healed and it all went of without a hitch, just one day later.
 
H. Reid Picture, A.Wiley Collection
 
Altavista, Va., may be reached from the east by route 699, Gladys Rd.,   and from the north and south by US route 29. The Virginian Heritage Trail sites are all in the downtown area. Enter town on Main Street and turn east on Pittsylvania Ave. to reach English Park.  Travel about 200 yards on Pittsylvania Ave. and then turn right onto Third Street. The park is straight ahead.  Park near the pavilion or drive a little further and park. To reach the Virginian’s bridge at milepost 200 over the Staunton River, visitors may walk along the trail for about 15 minutes or bike for about 5 minutes.  Walk or bike on the paved trail bearing to the right which goes under the old Southern Railway bridge over the Staunton River. The vintage picture above was made from the opposite side of the river while the train's freight cars are shown above the location of the English Park Trail. 
 
   
When visitors return to the parking lot, the large pedestrian walkway over the old Virginian offers a good picture location for both east and west bound trains.  At the north end of that pedestrian walkway, the old brick Virginian station can be seen. A fire destroyed the VGN wood station in the fall of 1957.  Today, it is a very active business center for Norfolk Southern. Do not trespass. This structure can also be seen well from the end of South Broad Street, off Main Street. 

A.Wiley six pictures
 

Altavista, Va. Caboose 344 - Milepost 199

Sponsored by the Town of Altavista
   
To see the Virginian caboose 344, from Main Street, travel two blocks north on Broad Street, turning left at the library. Go two more blocks on Washington Street to see the restored Southern Railway station which now houses the local Chamber of Commerce. Beside the station is the VGN caboose.
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 
 

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Roanoke, Va. - Milepost 243.1

Sponsored by the Virginia Museum of Transportation

  
Virginia Museum of Transportation - Located on Norfolk Avenue in downtown Roanoke is the Virginia Museum of Transportation. It can be reached from Salem Avenue by turning north onto Third Street. The museum is straight ahead.  The hours are from 10:00 am to 5:00 pm daily except for 1:00 pm to 5:00 pm on Sunday. 
 
 
 
 
VMT is well known for its variety of transportation  items and quality of presentation. Several pieces of equipment used on the Virginian Railway are preserved and displayed here.
 
·         Virginian Steam  Locomotive number 4 was built by  Baldwin Locomotive Works, August 1910. The Four Spot saw use as a yard engine all over the  railroad before being retired in 1957. Primarily it was used at Sewalls Point, in Norfolk, Suffolk, Victoria , Roanoke  and Princeton’s yards.
·         Producing 3, 300 horsepower, Virginian Electric Locomotive number 135 was  built by General Electric in November 1956.  Virginian’s electrified territory reached from Mullens, WV  to Roanoke, Va., a distance of  134 miles.
 
·         Virginian caboose number 321 is classed C-10 and was built by St. Louis Car Co. for the Virginian in 1949.  Serving all over the entire railroad of nearly 600 miles in length, a freight train’s crew called it home while in transit. The train’s caboose crew could consist of as many as five men.   Cabooses were typically assigned to a specific conductor who would often personalize his caboose.  It was equipped with a propane stove for cooking and heat, electric lights, drinking water and  a toilet.
·         Virginian Agent/Operator’s shanty from Ellett, Va, milepost 272.4 was built in 1952 by railroad forces of “available materials,” rough cut oak.   This structure replaced a traditional station at that location.
·         The Virginian Room displays many interesting Virginian items from private collections.
·         Other railroad pieces include N&W’s class J locomotive 611 and class A 1218.
  
 
 
 
 
 
 

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Roanoke Passenger Station - Milepost 243.1


 
 
Virginian Passenger Station – Located beside the old Virginian mainline at the intersection of South Jefferson Street and Williamson Road, SE. is the Virginian passenger station built in 1909. It is said to be constructed from a New York Central Railroad standard plan. The structure is owned by Roanoke Chapter NRHS.

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Walnut Avenue Tower - Milepost 243.1

 
 
Walnut Avenue Tower – About 100 yards east of the passenger station is Walnut Avenue Tower built to protect the VGN’s crossing with Norfolk & Western’s Winston Salem line. The bridge overhead is Walnut Avenue, hence the name.  It is owned and used by Norfolk Southern. Do not trespass on the railroad.
 

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Merrimac - Milepost 278.3

Sponsored by the Montgomery County Dept. of Parks & Recreation
 

Harry Bundy Picture
Merrimac operator’s shanty was located on the north side of Virginian right of way at milepost 278.3 and just over a hundred yards west of the west portal of Alleghany Tunnel, 5176 feet long. Between these two features, a bridge carried N&W’s Huckleberry Branch over the Virginian, linking Blacksburg and Christiansburg, Va. A connecting track between the two railroads was near the operator’s shanty.



To reach Merrimac, the traveler may use a paved trail, that was part of the above mentioned N&W branchline,  created and maintained by Montgomery County. “The Huckleberry Trail” starts behind the left (south) end of New River Valley Shopping Mall. Enter the Mall by turning off business 460 onto Radford Road and enter the mall parking lot. Turn to the far left (south) end where a roadway loops behind the mall. Signs for the trail and a parking area are very visible in the back of the mall. The distance to Merrimac is about ¾ of a mile, 5 minutes on a bike or 15 minutes by walking. The trail crosses the  former Virginian mainline which is now a very active NS mainline.  When on the bridge over the railroad, look to the west for the site of the operator’s shanty and look to the east for the west portal of Alleghany Tunnel. About one mile beyond Merrimac is the county’s Coal Mining Heritage Park where anthracite coal was once mined.
 


The tunnel was 5176 feet long with the crest of grades being at the west portal, 1960 feet above sea level. The grade for westbound trains approaching the tunnel was 1.5% while .6% was the grade for eastbound trains approaching the tunnel. The tunnel was improved with concrete lining and portals in 1924.

 
 
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Narrows Power Plant - Milepost 317.4

Sponsored by the Town of Narrows







As the coal traffic on the Virginian began to mushroom by 1920, it became clear a better solution had to be found to get the loaded coal trains out of West Virginia. The grade at Clark’s Gap, west of Princeton, was the steepest and a bottleneck to operations. And it was expensive to operate in its then-current condition. Huge steam locomotives were being used and the trains were slow. At the railroad’s Board of Directors meeting in the spring of 1923, it was decided to commence work to electrify a portion of the railroad. Engineering and design work commenced Nov. 29, 1923 after Virginian’s hiring of the engineering firm of Gibbs & Hill of New York City, generally identified as pioneers in railroad electrification. One hundred and thirty four miles of the mainline would be electrified. The firm immediately erected a field office at Narrows before construction of the power plant started. To construct the overhead and functioning electric lines for the 133.6 miles of electrified railroad, the railroad directors approved $5,964,973 for catenary in Virginia and $1,977.292 for catenary in West Virginia.
Geo K. Shands Picture, William Clemons Collection

Narrows, Virginia was chosen as the site for the power plant because of a town already there and it being half way between the extreme ends of the electrified territory; Mullens and Roanoke. The plant’s primary building was 220 feet by 156 feet and roughly 140 feet high. Two brick stacks stood 376 feet tall. There were three turbo generators with a fourth available as needed, each capable of producing 15,000 k.w of electricity. By means of transformers, the power could be raised to 88,000 volts when it left the plant. The 377 transmission towers, arranged along in more or less straight lines but not necessarily adjacent to the railroad, carried two 88,000 volt circuits. Seven step-down transformer stations were located at Elmore, Clark’s Gap, Princeton, Narrows, Eggleston, Merrimac and Wabun. The 88,000 volts current from the transmission lines was dropped down to either 11,000 volts or 22,000 volts to be supplied as needed to the trolley lines directly above the tracks for the electric locomotives.
As an illustration of the output of the Narrows Power Plant operation, the 45,000 kilowatts to 60,000 kw produced at the plant in 1925, before any upgrades or modifications, would be sufficient to power the entire City of Princeton, West Virginia in 2010. (sources - 2010 US census and Appalachian Power Company)



For its initial electric locomotives, the railroad turned to Alco and Westinghouse; Westinghouse specialized in AC transmission whereas at the time, General Electric preferred DC transmission. While rather simple looking in outward appearance, these three section locomotives could provide tremendous amounts of power, 7,125 hp and 231,000 pounds of tractive effort. The locomotive’s tremendous tractive effort was in part due to its large size, weighing in at over 1.2 million pounds with a length of 152 feet and 3 inches. Initially, Virginian received and operated twelve of these three section locomotives, spending $4,646,292. Within a few years, the last one was divided into three single section locomotives for switching and yard work. During the years of their lifespans, a couple others were separated and then reunited again. Virginian added more electric locomotives of different designs in 1948 and 1956-57.
After Virginian’s merger with N&W December 1, 1959, N&W made a token effort to utilize the Virginian’s electric locomotive fleet. The electrics didn’t fit in; they could only be used on a section of the former Virginian line and N&W had cast its lot into the diesel electric locomotive camp earlier. In June 1962, the last train to operate over the old Virginian with electric locomotives made its last run into Roanoke. The engines were a trio of five years old General Electric, 3300 horsepower, class EL-C class locomotives. With no purpose to serve, the Narrows Power Plant was demolished in 1970.

 
 
 

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 Glyn Lyn Bridge - Milepost 323.4

Sponsored by the Town of Glen Lyn 
 
 
Greg Elam Collection
Vintage newspaper stories date the completion of the last piece of Virginian railroad as being at the west end of New River Bridge at Glen Lyn, Va. on January 23, 1909.  The author of one newspaper story reported that the weather was “so cold an Eskimo would freeze.” The bridge was 2155 feet long and about 130 feet above the New River, depending on the water level.   
 
 
Steve Summers Picture
In 1972, after the merger with Norfolk & Western on December 1, 1959, N&W took this area out of service and sold a section of the Virginian right of way to the Virginia Highway Department for a new eastbound lane for route 460.  

 
On January 23, 2009, about a dozen hearty Virginian fans and historians gathered at Princeton and Glen Lyn to observe the centennial of the completion of the railroad. And on that date in 2009, the weather duplicated the conditions of 1909!

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Princeton, WV - Milepost 340.2

Sponsored by Princeton Railroad Museum
 
Delbert WHitlow Picture
Kurt Reisweber Collection

The Princeton, WV station, built in 1912, was one of only two, two-story stations constructed on the Virginian. The other was at Victoria, milepost 119.7, and both housed division offices upstairs. This vintage, hand colored post card shows the side often seen by the public as they approached the station to meet a passenger train. N&W demolished the original building in 1979.
 
The City of Princeton built a replica station in 2006, while developing the adjacent neighborhood into an historical center. The structure, although not painted in authentic Virginian colors, houses an excellent collection of Virginian artifacts with meeting rooms for social functions. The hours vary so calling is suggested. 304.487.5060.  It is located on the site of the original station, 99 Mercer Street.  The original freight house is next door.
 
 
 
 

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 Elmore Yard - Milepost 374.7

 
 

 

Approaching Elmore from Princeton on route 10, be alert for several often photographed locations along the way. As crossing a large concrete bridge, be aware of the NS railroad facilities below. The old Virginian mainline from Princeton curves in from the east while the Guyandotte River branch passes under the bridge.  Virginian’s steam engine servicing facilities were in the area to the east of the north end of the bridge.  Turn right onto route 16 to reach Mullens.


Tom Marshall Picture
 
In the recent picture above, the NS locomotive is passing form the westbound mainline onto the Guyandotte River branch to the left. All three legs of a wye are visible in this picture with the westbound mainline being behind the brick railroad office structure. The track with standing camp cars is the leg connecting the eastbound mainline to the Guyandotte River branch. The two miles long Elmore Yard is in the narrow river valley in the top center



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Mullens – Milepost 376.7
Sponsored by Tom Marshall



Located at the north end of Elmore Yard is Mullens and the site of the famed “Motor Barn” where from 1925 through the N&W merger to the summer of 1962, all electric locomotives were shopped. When diesels started to arrive in the spring of 1954, they were maintained at Mullens Motor Barn as well.  In 2011, the structure was demolished.  The famed Winding Gulf branch enters the mainline at Gulf Junction, beside the site of the motor barn.  
 
                                                                            Tom Marshall Picture

Tom Marshall Picture
 
In 2011-2012, a replica of the Virginian’s Ellett agent-operator’s shanty at Ellett was built in Mullens  to serve as a railroader’s museum. It stands in front of the Mullens Opportunity Center  (formerly Mullens Grade School) on Guyandot Road.

 

VGN caboose 307, class C-10, built by St. Louis Car Company in 1948, is preserved and sits near the Rite Aid Pharmacy  at 301 Moran Avenue in the north end of the downtown business district.


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Slab Fork – Milepost 387.9
 

Sponsored by William H. Johnson III
 
 
  
Opening in 1907, Slab Fork was the first coal mine in the Winding Gulf Coal Field. Initially coal was mined from the Beckley seam but later, mine shafts reached the seam of Pocahontas 3 & 4 coal. A trade publication of 1917 reported the company town of Slab Fork hosting over 200 houses for miners and five more for mine officials. Among its amenities were a movie theater, churches, school which operated eight months of the year. The coal company provided land for light farming and teams for preparing it for cultivation.




































 Ghislain Gerhard Picture

Soaring above the town is Virginian’s massive bridge, 613 feet long and eighty feet high.  Slab Fork is very representative of the area’s coal mining communities and is easily reached from Mullens by traveling north on route 54.
 

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Oak Hill Station - Milepost 419.3



 
The Virginian Oak Hill Station does not resemble other Virginian structures for a very good reason. It was built in 1903 by the White Oak Railway, the railroad facility of owner White Oak Coal Company and the Virginian may not have even been an idea in 1903. Virginian leased the station in 1912 and ultimately purchased it 1922. After the VGN/N&W merger of 1959, N&W continued to use the facility until closure in 1983.  It was donated to the City of Oak Hill by Norfolk Southern in 1995.
The station, located at the corner of Virginia and Central avenues in Oak Hill, WV, is owned by the city and used by the White Oak Chapter of the National Railway Historical Society.  It is painted in Virginian’s standard color scheme of orange with white trim which was used from the inception of the railroad to 1945.


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The Deepwater Building, Beckley, WV

Served by means of trackage rights over C&O Ry.

 
Sponsored by John Zuro
 
 
Tom Marshall Picture

Heather Reynolds Picture
 
The Deepwater Building, standing in historic downtown Beckley, West Virginia at 128 S. Heber Street, was built circa 1904 by the Deepwater Railroad to be the headquarters of the coal sales office of Loop Creek Colliery of Page and Beards Fork, WV.  H.H. Rogers was a primary owner of both the Deepwater Railway, which became the Virginian Railway in April 1907, and Loop Creek Colliery so the connection is obvious.  In 1910 a devastating  fire consumed nearly all of downtown Beckley, save the stone, four story Deepwater Building.  In 1912 the Virginian Railway sold the structure to a partnership of two Beckley men, a lawyer and a doctor, who rented out the unused professional space to others, including the American Red Cross and the Citizens Bank of Beckley. In 1919 a fire destroyed some of the interior of the structure.  In 1920, the partnership  in turn sold the building to the United Mine Workers Union to serve at headquarters of Distract 29. In the building's second century of life, it offers residential apartments.

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Page - Kincaid - Milepost 426.8

Sponsored by Doug Bess
 

This 1906 view shows much of Page under construction. At the top, the station is being built and in the upper left, the branch to a coal mine is being graded. Greg Elam Collection


Page, West Virginia was named for William. N. Page, a civil engineer whose idea it was to buy a logging railroad and extend it south from the Kanawha River to untapped coal deposits. He convinced H.H. Rogers of the validity of his idea and thus, the two men began what would become the Virginian Railway. C.H. Slayton, Jr, in his book “Virginian Railway Early Years,” states that Page was the operating headquarters for the Deepwater Railroad, 1905-1906. Page was also the headquarters of the Loup Creek Colliery Company which built a company store and a library. Page was a medium sized marshalling yard located just 8.2 miles from the very end of the railroad at DB tower. There was a wooden three track engine house with a back shop attached on the compass west side. When Princeton received a new 120 foot long turntable in 1919, the old 100 footer was strengthened and moved to Page. In 1939, it was removed and replaced by a wye on which locomotives would be turned. The old 100 foot turntable saw another life as a highway bridge at Oceana.

In 1967, Doug Bess took this pitcure looking eastbound on the former VGN mainline.






By 1990 all coal mining at Page had ceased and the countryside began to revert back to nature. However, there was still coal to be mined and in 2007 Frazier Mining Company constructed a flood loading facility, using a system of conveyors to bring in coal from two sources; a mountain top strip mine as well as from a deep mine. By flood loading, entire trains of empty hoppers are loaded while passing under the loader at a slow speed.
Dr. Gerry Albers made this picture of a train being flood laded in October 2011.


 

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Deepwater Area - Milepost 434

Sponsored by Gerry Albers

West Deepwater     -August Thieme Picture, AWiley Collection 

The VGN Heritage Trail Historical Marker for Deepwater is located at the Church of Living Water, formerly Deepwater United Methodist Church.  The church is on the south side of route 61, Deepwater, and on the east side of the VGN’s connecting track to the C&O. The attractive church sits on the side of hill, fronting 61 with the VGN on a side.
 


                                                                                                                             Ghislain Gerard Picture

 There are four significant locations in this area:

·         C&O Deepwater - Down the VGN trackage which passes beside the church, toward the river, is the site of VGN’s connection with the Chesapeake & Ohio railroad and yard. When built, this trackage was the mainline until the line connecting with New York Central on the north side of the Kanawha River was completed in 1931. Today, it is an active NS/CSX connection and yard.
 
                                                                       Scott Greathouse Collection

·         VACO Jct - Going the opposite direction up the railroad from the church is VACO Junction, created in 1931 when the NYC connection was completed.
 

·         Deepwater Tunnel - Just a very short walk along 61 to the west is Virginian’s bridge over route 61, above which VGN’s shanty shelter for West Deepwater stood.    From the site of West Deepwater looking railroad east, the 491.5 foot long Deepwater Tunnel  can be seen.
 
                                                                          Doug Bess Picture

·       DB Tower - Looking railroad west is the Virginian’s bridge over the Kanawha River,  1920.5 feet in length with  VGN’s  milepost 435 on the far, north side of the river. DB Tower stood within one hundred yards of the end of the Kanawha River bridge and was VGN’s connection with the New York Central railroad.  It can be reached from Deepwater by traveling west on route 61 to route 6, turn right to cross the river on the highway bridge over and right onto route 60 east.
 
 

This view is from the NYC end of the Kanawah River Bridge. The NYC is behind the photographer and the C&O runs along the far side of the Kanawha River.

 
 
 
 

Trains leaving the Kanawha River Bridge see this view. DB Tower was just beyond the trees on the left side.


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Charleston, West Virginia


 
 





From the very early years of Virginian’s passenger train service in 1909 to January 24, 1952, the western terminus for passenger trains was in Charleston, West Virginia, a distance of 466 miles. From October 10, 1909 to 1931, Virginia’s trains called on Charleston using the Chesapeake & Ohio railroad station. Situated on McCorkle Ave. SE (route 61) and beside South Side Bridge, the C&O station pictured above was built in 1905. From 1931, when the Kanawha River bridge was completed, VGN’s passenger service was to the New York Central and Baltimore & Ohio railroads’ station. Best research suggests that the combined NYC/B&O station was at the end of Broad Street and in the 1100 block of Smith Street in downtown Charleston. Today, Broad is Leon Sullivan Way.

Ross Hunter Collection
 

After 1931, when the VGN Kanawha River bridge was completed, VGN’s passenger service to Charleston was to the New York Central station. The NYC was at the end of Broad Street and in the 1100 block of Smith Street in downtown Charleston. Baltimore & Ohio Railroad’s passenger trains also called on the NYC station. In the 1908 postcard view above, the view is looking east and Interstate 64 would be built to the left of the railroad.
Ross Hunter Collection 

The NYC station , built 1897 and demolished in 1975,  had a very interesting history itself. The Ohio Central had built eastward  along the north bank of the Kanawha River to reach Charleston in the 1800’s but it went into receivership in 1883 and was  sold to the Kanawha & Ohio in 1885. In 1889 the K&O went into receivership and was rechartered as the Kanawha & Michigan. The K&M then extended east of Charleston to Gauley Bridge by buying the Charleston & Gauley Bridge Railroad.  The K&M was an independent operation, but was controlled by the Toledo & Ohio, later the Hocking Valley. The C&O acquired a controlling interest in the Hocking Valley , however in 1914 the US District Court forced the C&O to sell the K&M under terms of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act.  Control passed back to the Toledo & Ohio Central which was leased by New York Central in 1922.  Thanks  to Ross Hunter and Jerry Waters for the NYC station details. This web site contains excellent archival pictures of Charleston, WV.  www.mywvhome.com